The Global Innovation Index (GII) 2021, published jointly by Cornell University, INSEAD and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), examines the innovative capacity of 132 economies around the world, including the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The 14th edition of the GII is based on a comprehensive data set of 81 indicators from international public and private sources. A new feature of this year's edition is the Global Innovation Tracker, which evaluates the impact of the pandemic on global innovation performance.
The study is compiled on the basis of a country's innovation inputs and outputs. Innovation inputs include human capital, research, infrastructure, and market and business sophistication. Innovation outputs include knowledge and technology, as well as creativity. Since 2011, Switzerland has topped the ranking, followed by Sweden, the US and the UK. In the areas of knowledge and technology (number of patents issued, publication of scientific articles, etc.) and creativity (e.g. international brand value), Switzerland achieves top scores (1st place and 2nd place, respectively).
Published by: Cornell University, INSEAD and the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)